THE REVOLT OF 1857

THE REVOLT OF 1857

The revolt of 1857

The Beginning

  1. The earliest incident being the revolt in the 19th Native infantry in Berhampur.

  2. March 29th 1857-First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers

  3. May,10th 1857-Ninety Sipahi of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. After their trial and execution,entire garrison in meerut revolted and raised the cry of “ Delhi Chalo”.

Causes of the Revolt

Political

  1. Nana Sahib was refused to get pension ,as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II.

  2. Lucknow was annexed in 1856 on charges of maladministration and Jhansi was annexed owing to Doctrine of Lapse.

Military Discrimination

Indian soldiers were paid low salaries ;they could not rise above the rank of subedar and were racially insulted. The soldiers were also distressed by the fact and their cherished Awadh state had been annexed by the British.

Religious Discrimination

  1. British social reforms (widow remarriage,abolition of Sati ,school for girls,Christian missionaries)

  2. Rumours that Enfield rifles used greased (by pork or beef) cartridges.

Economic Grivances

Heavy taxation,summary evictions,discriminatory tariff policy against Indian products and destruction of traditional handicrafts that hit peasants,artsians and small Zamindars.

Impact of Mutiny

  1. In August 1858, the British Parliament passed an Act, which put an end to the rule of the company.The control of the British government in india was transferred tot he British Crown.

  2. A minister of the British government ,called the secretary of the state was made responsible for the Government of India

  3. The British Governor –General of India was now also given the title of viceroy, who was also the representative of monarch.

  4. Marked the end of British imperialism and princely starts where assured against annexation.Doctine of Lapse was withdraw.

  5. After the revolt, the British pursued the policy of divide and rule.

  6. Far –reaching changes were made in the administration and increase of white soldiers in the army.

  7. Total expense of the expression of the suppression was borne by Indians.