The Rulers of the Post Gupta Period
The Pushyabhutior Vardhana dynasty was the founder at thaneswar(Kurukshetra district,Haryana) by Pushyabhuti probably towards the beginning of the 6th century. Pushyabhuti were the feudatories of the Guptas,but has assumed independence after the Hun invations.
The first important ruler of this dynasty was Prabhakaravardhana(580-605 AD).
Prabhakaravardhana was succeeded by his eldest son Rajyavardhana(605-606 AD)
Rajyavardhana had to face problems from the day of his succession to the throne.Grahavarman,the Maukhari ruler of Kannauj and husband of Rajyashri(sister of Rajyavardhana) was murdered by Deva Gupta (the ruler of Malwa) who in alliance with Shashanka (ruler of Gaud or North -Western Bengal) now occupied kannauj and imprisoned Rajyashri.
Rajyavardhana therefore,undertook a compaign against Deva Gupta and killed him but he was killed by Shashanka in 606 AD.In the meanwhile Rajyashri escaped into the forests of central india.
After the killing of Rajyavardhana,his younger brother Harshavardhana ascended the Pushyabhuti throne in 606 AD.
Harshavardhana (606-647 AD)
- Harshavardhana ascended the Pushyabhuti throne in 606 A.D.
- Harshvardhana was also known as Siladitya.
- Banabhatta and Hiuen Tsang have provided important information about Harsha reign
- Poet Banabhatta wrote Hashacharita.
- Harsha was not successful in his first expedition against Gauda.
- In his second expedition Harsha conquered Magadha and Sasanka’s empire
- Gauda was divided between Harsha and Bhaskarvarman.
- The Aihole inscription mentions that Harsha met defeat at the hand of Pulakesin II.
- Harsha’s empire extended from the Punjab to northern Orissa and from Himalayas to the banks of Narmada.
Pallavas (560-903 AD)
- There was controversy regarding the origin of Pallavas. Possibly the Pallavas were a local tribe who established their authority in the Tondainadu or the land of creepers.
- They were orthodox Brahmanical Hindus and their capital was at Kanchi.
- Both Chalukyas and Pallavas tried to established their supremacy over the land between Krishana and Tungabhadra
- Pallava king Narasimhavannan(630-68 AD)occupied Chalukyan capital at Vatapi in about 642 AD and assumed the title of Vatapikonda
Chola Empire (9th-12th century)
- The founder of Chola dynasty was Vijayalaya who was atfirst a feudatory of the Pallavas.He captured Tanjore in 850 AD.
- The greatest chola rulers were Rajaraja(985-1014 AD) and his son RajendraI(1014 -1044 AD)
- Raja built a Shiva temple of Rajarajeshwara at Tanjore.
- Rajendra I assumed the title of Gangaikondachola and build a city called Gangaikondacholapuram
- The Chola Empire was divided into Mandalams or provinces and these in turn were divided into Valanadu and Nadu.
- The arrangement of local self government has been regarded as the basic feature of the administration of cholas
- The style of artchitecture , that came into vogue during this period is called Dravida e.g Kailashnath temple Kanchipuram
- Another aspect was image –making, which reached its climax in dancing figure of shiva called Natraja.
- Kambana who wrote Ramavatrama was one of the greatest figures of Tamil Poetry his Ramayana is known as Kamba Ramayana,
- Pampa,Ponna and Ranna are considered as three gems of Kannada Poetry
Chalukyas (543-757 AD)
- They established their capital at vatapi(Badami) in district of Bijapur in Karnataka.
- Pulakesin II was able to check Harsha’s design to conquer Deccan.
- Aihole inscription is a eulogy written by his court poet Ravikirti.
- The Chinese piligrim Hiusen Tsang visited his kingdom
- Pallava ruler Narsimhavarman I invaded the Chalukya kingdom,killed Pulakesin II and captured Badami.