THE ARAVIDU DYNASTY

THE ARAVIDU DYNASTY

ARAVIDU DYNASTY:1570-1650 AD

  1. Tirumala  Raya,the brother of Rama Raja,ruled in the name of Sadasiva Raya.On his failture to repopulate vijyanagar,he shifted the capital to Penugonda.He divided his empire into three partially linguistic sections.

  2. The empire slowly shrunk and the Aravidu dynasty ended in 1646

  3. Nayankar System was the special feature of provincial  administration.

  4. Ayngar System was the special  of village administration. A body of 12 functionaries, known as ayangars,conducted village affairs.

  5. They were granted tax free lands ‘Manyams’ which they were to enjoy in perpetuity.

  6. The Vijyanagar rulers issued gold coins called Varahas or pagodas. The perta was half a Varaha.The Fanam was one tenth of perta. All were of gold mixed with alloy.The Tar was silver coin.The jittal was a copper.

Society

  1. It was the only empire in medieval india which employed women in the state services. Women even went to battles. Also,it was only state that promoted widow remarriage. Staus of women improved during this time.

  2. Viprulu:Brahmins Rajulu: Kshatriya ,Nalavajativaru:Shudras Vipravinodins : Artisans, Kaikollas: Weavers  ,Sahagaman:Sati Besabaga: forced labour.

Artichecture:-

The Vijyanagar produce a new style of architecture  called as provida style.the large number and prominence of pillars and piers are some of the distinct features .Horse was the most common animal on the pillars.

Another important features were the Mandapa  or open pavilion with a raised platform, meant for seating deities and Amman Shrine.

Important temple were Vithalswami and Hazara  Rama temple at Hampi,Tadapatri and parvati temples at  Chidambaram and Varadraja and Ekambarnath at Kanchipuram.

The Vijaynagar ruler started the practice of inscribing the stories of Ramayana and the Mahabharta  on the walls of the various temples.Vithalswami and Hazara Rama Temples of this type of wall inscription