The Aravidu Dynasty:(1570-1650 AD)
- Aravidu dynasty was the fourth and last Dynasty of the Hindu empire of Vijaynagar in southern India. The founder of Aravidu Dynasty was RamaRaya’s brother.Thirumala.
- Tirumala Raya,the brother of Rama Raja,ruled in the name of Sadasiva Raya.On his failture to repopulate vijyanagar,he shifted the capital to Penugonda.He divided his empire into three partially linguistic sections.
- The empire slowly shrunk and the Aravidu dynasty ended in 1646
- Nayankar System was the special feature of provincial administration in Aravidu dynasty.
- Ayngar System was the special of village administration. A body of 12 functionaries, known as ayangars,conducted village affairs.
- They were granted tax free lands ‘Manyams’ which they were to enjoy in perpetuity.
- The Vijyanagar rulers issued gold coins called Varahas or pagodas. The perta was half a Varaha.The Fanam was one tenth of perta. All were of gold mixed with alloy.The Tar was silver coin.The jittal was a copper.
It was the only empire in medieval india which employed women in the state services. Women even went to battles. Also,it was only state that promoted widow remarriage. Staus of women improved during this time.
Viprulu:Brahmins Rajulu: Kshatriya ,Nalavajativaru:Shudras Vipravinodins :Artisans,Kaikollas:Weavers ,Sahagaman:Sati Besabaga: forced labour.
A new style of architecture was produced by Vijayanagar called as provida style in this style there were large number and prominence of pillars and piers are some of the distinct features. the most common animal on the pillars aws .Another important features were the Mandapa or open pavilion with a raised plateform,meant for seating deities and Amman Shrine.”
Important temple were Vithalswami and Hazara Rama temple at Hampi,Tadapatri and parvati temples at Chidambaram and Varadraja and Ekambarnath at Kanchipuram.
The Vijaynagar ruler started the practice of inscribing the stories of Ramayana and the Mahabharta on the walls of the various temples.Vithalswami and Hazara Rama Temples of this type of wall inscription