INTRODUCTION OF INDIAN POLITY AND CONSTITUTION

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Indian Polity and Constitution

Indian Polity

Indian Polity is a discipline that includes various  topics such as:-

The development of the constitution
Citizenship,
Fundamental Rights,
Directive Principles,
the Executive,
the President,
the Prime Minister & Council of Ministers,
Judiciary,
State Governments,
Local Government,
Election system etc.
Indian Polity  makes us understand our democratic governance as well as our rights and responsibilities.Indian polity isthe essential disciplines of Social Science.

constitution

constitution is the fundamental law of a country which ordains the fundamental principles on which the government(or governance) of that country is based. It lays down the framework and principle function of various organs of the government as well as the modalities of interaction between government and its citizen.

Features of constitution

The most important basic feature of our constitution is the democratic government that our constitution establishes in india.
The ultimate authority in our country rests on the people. The people of india have the right to vote. Through the vote they elect their representatives .The elected representatives make the law for the benefit of the people and the people obey these laws. This is democracy.
If the people are not satisfy with the working of government, they do not vote it to power in the next general election.
In the constitution, a procedure has been laid down by which changes can be brought about to avoid any dispute. such changes can be brought about to avoid any dispute are called amendments.

Role of constitution

It explain rules and regulations that make a degree of trust and coordination among the people of different class of a society who live together.
It provides a framework under which the government and other establishments work in the country.
It lays down the method as to how the government will be constituted and how the  decisions are taken.
It decide and defines  the powers and duties of the respective government.
It also tells the rights of the citizens and defines the rule of law and a procedure to protect them.