Indian polity and constitution

Indian Polity and Constitution

Indian Polity

Indian Polity is a discipline that includes various  topics such as:-

  1. The development of the Constitution,

  2. Citizenship,

  3. Fundamental Rights,

  4. Directive Principles,

  5. the Executive,

  6. the President,

  7. the Prime Minister & Council of Ministers,

  8. Judiciary,

  9. State Governments,

  10. Local Government,

  11. Election system etc.

 Indian Polity is one of the essential disciplines of Social Science that makes us understand our democratic governance as well as our rights.


Constitution is the fundamental law of a country which ordains the fundamental principles on which the government(or governance) of that country is based. It lays down the framework and principle function of various organs of the government as well as the modalities of interaction between government and its citizen.

Features of Constitution

  1. The most important basic feature of our constitution is the democratic government that our constitution establishes in india.

  2. The ultimate authority in our country rests on the people. The people of india have the right to vote. Through the vote they elect their representatives .The elected representatives make the law for the benefit of the people and the people obey these laws. This is democracy.

  3. If the people are not satisfy with the working of government, they do not vote it to power in the next general election.

  4. In the constitution, a procedure has been laid down by which changes can be brought about to avoid any dispute. such changes can be brought about to avoid any dispute are called amendments

Role of constitution

  1. It explain rules and regulations that make a degree of trust and coordination among the people of different class of a society who live together.

  2. It provides a framework within which the government and other institutions work in the country.

  3. It lays down the procedure as to how the government will be constituted and the manner in which decisions are taken.

  4. It defines the powers, duties, and limits of the respective government.

  5. It also tells the rights of the citizens and defines the rule of law and a procedure to protect them.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *