Introduction of Biology
Biology:–The branch of science in which living beings are studied is called Biology
Bio=Life and Logos=Study
Therefore study of life is called biology.
Lamarck and Treviranus coined the term biology in the year of 1801
Biology has two main branch :-
Botany:-Study of of plants is called botany.Theophrastus is called the father of botany
Zoology:-Study of animal is called Zology.Aristotle is called the father of Zoology
What is living ?
The word living cannot be defined.
The following characterstics which can be distinguished living thing from non living are:-
Growth:-increase the number of cell and mass is called “growth”
Reproduction:-Living organism produce young ones of their same kind.
Metabolism:-Chemical reaction occurring inside a living cell.
Response of stumuli:-Living have the ability to sense the condition of their surroundings and response to these stumuli.